In most cases, high blood pressure during pregnancy is natural and easy to control. light exercise and a healthy balanced diet. Can help to reduce blood pressure significantly. High blood pressure effects six to eight percent of pregnant woman. In most cases it is an easy condition to control.
As with all things surrounding pregnancy it is important to understand the causes. As well as the natural remedies that are available. It is important to know that most woman will experience a slight rise in their blood pressure during the first weeks of pregnancy.
What causes high blood pressure during pregnancy?
During the first 20 weeks of pregnancy your blood pressure will naturally rise. If you experience a slight rise in your blood pressure. It is important not to worry. Contributing factors include.
- A first-time pregnancy
- having a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
- A multiple pregnancy (carrying more than one child).
- Being aged 40 years and over
- Being overweight
- Not staying active during your pregnancy
- Drinking alcohol
- Assisted pregnancy through IVF treatment
Many of the above causes of high blood pressure can be avoided or naturally treated. If high blood pressure persists. It is important to contact a medical professional
What effects can high blood pressure have on my baby?
You life choices during pregnancy will have an effect on your blood pressure. It is important to stay healthy. Eating a controlled and balanced diet is vital for both you and your baby. It is important to maintain an active life style. Light exercise such as walking can help to control your blood pressure significantly.
Woman experiencing a first pregnancy are more likely to see a rise in their blood pressure. This is perfectly natural and can be controlled through making healthy life style changes. It goes without saying. Stopping smoking and consuming alcohol. Is vital for both the health of you and your baby.
In extreme cases high blood pressure can lead to complications during a pregnancy. Lasting effects on your child can include low birth weight, kidney problems and premature birth. In the most extreme cases. High blood pressure can cause toxemia of pregnancy. This is a very dangerous condition. That can threaten the lives of both mother and baby.
What is considered high blood pressure during pregnancy?
The average blood pressure for a pregnant woman is 110/70 and 120/80. If your blood pressure is excessively high It is important to contact your doctor. Long term high blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to hypertension. This can be harmful for both you and your baby.
What is hypertension?
There are three types of hypertension experienced by woman with high blood pressure during a pregnancy.
Chronic hypertension – Is refereed to when woman have high blood pressure prior to a pregnancy. This condition is treated with prescribed medication.
Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia – This is a variation of hypertension. It is caused when a woman has hypertension prior to a pregnancy. Symptoms include, protein in the urine.
Gestational hypertension – This condition can sometimes occur after the 30th week of pregnancy. The condition will naturally cure on completion of the pregnancy.
What is considered to be low blood pressure during pregnancy?
There is no actual figure that is considered to be low blood pressure. How ever there are a number of symptoms that can be considered a cause of low blood pressure. These are:
- Feeling faint
- Feeling cold
If you suffer regularly from any of these symptoms it is advised to see a medical professional.
How can I lower my blood pressure While Pregnant?
High blood pressure can naturally be reduced through diet and exercise. There are a number of foods that can naturally lower your blood pressure.
- Oranges and citrus fruits – Fruits high in vitamin C can naturally lower your blood pressure. Stick to fruits and not fruit juices. As many supermarket fruit juices contain high levels of sugar. Other foods rich in vitamin C include: Grapefruit, broccoli, strawberries and tomatoes.
- Skimmed low fat milk – Milk is full of nutrients that are good for reducing blood pressure. Milk is rich in potassium, calcium and magnesium. Use low fat dairy products. Be careful to avoid high fat dairy. Avoid unpasteurised dairy products. Soy milk and almond milk are also rich in the nutrients needed to reduce high blood pressure.
- Bananas – This is a super fruit in the fight against high blood pressure and cholesterol. Bananas are high in fibre and potassium. Other good sources of fibre and potassium include potatoes (also rich in vitamin C). lentils and sweet potatoes
- Dark chocolate – Yes, chocolate is good when dark. But be disciplined and don’t eat the entire bar. In moderate quantities. Dark chocolate can help to elasticise your blood cells and give you a positive mood boost.
It is important to avoid all alcohol and smoking during pregnancy. As alcohol and smoking will increase your blood pressure. If you blood pressure becomes serious. It is important to take prescribed medication at the regular intervals and at the times of day prescribed by your doctor.
What are the effects of medication for high blood pressure?
Many medications when combined with a light exercise regime and healthy eating. Will reduce high blood pressure. There are three types of blood pressure medication that pregnant woman should avoid.
- Angiotensin receptor blockers
- Renin inhibitors
- ACE inhibitors
The above drugs will be passed through your bloodstream to your developing baby. They can lead to negative effects on you and your babies health. It is always important to contact a medical professional before taking any medication.
As you can see, high blood pressure while pregnant is natural and controllable. Groups more susceptible to the condition. Include heavy smoker and drinkers. First time mums and those with a history of pregnancy related high blood pressure in the family. If you are concerned, it is always advisable to see a medical professional.